Tuesday, November 26, 2019
Act of God and Vis Major
Act of God and Vis Major Act of God and Vis Major Act of God and Vis Major By Maeve Maddox In March of 1997, 16 tornados tore through Arkansas, killing 26 people and destroying homes and businesses. At the time I was living in Hot Springs, cowering in the closet. The twister missed us, but thirty miles away, the college town of Arkadelphia was nearly wiped off the map. That March the state legislature quickly drafted a bill intended to protect tornado victims from the possibility that insurance companies might deny their claims. It contained the following language: No insurance policy or contract covering damages to property shall be canceled nor the renewal thereof denied solely as a result of claims arising from acts of God.Ã¢â¬ Then governor Mike Huckabee refused to sign the bill because he objected to the phrase Ã¢â¬Å"act of GodÃ¢â¬ to describe Ã¢â¬Å"a destructive and deadly force.Ã¢â¬ He preferred Ã¢â¬Å"natural disaster.Ã¢â¬ After about three weeks, the term Ã¢â¬Å"natural causesÃ¢â¬ was agreed upon and the governor signed the bill. The term Ã¢â¬Å"act of GodÃ¢â¬ to describe an event beyond human control has long been used by insurance underwriters. Here are some definitions listed at the Business Dictionary: act of God: violent and catastrophic event caused by forces of nature, which could not have been prevented or avoided by foresight or prudence. An act of God that makes performance of a contractual duty impossible may excuse performance of that duty. Dictionary of Business Terms act of God: natural occurrence beyond human control or influence. Such acts of nature include hurricanes, earthquakes, and floods. Dictionary of Insurance Terms act of God: an unpreventable destructive occurrence of the natural world. Example: A contract has a provision that allows the buyer to default if the property is damaged by an act of God. Examples of an act of God are: earthquake, flood, hurricane, lightning, tornado. Dictionary of Real Estate Terms An alternate term for Ã¢â¬Å"act of GodÃ¢â¬ is the Latin term vis major, Ã¢â¬Å"an overpowering forceÃ¢â¬ : vis major [vÃ s mÃ jÃâ¢r]: such a degree of superior force that no effective resistance can be made to it. OED Want to improve your English in five minutes a day? Get a subscription and start receiving our writing tips and exercises daily! Keep learning! Browse the Vocabulary category, check our popular posts, or choose a related post below:When to Use Ã¢â¬Å"That,Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"Which,Ã¢â¬ and Ã¢â¬Å"WhoÃ¢â¬ Homogeneous vs. HeterogeneousJanuary 1 Doesn't Need an "st"